At Brettenham we use Jolly Phonics and the Letters and sounds programme to introduce early reading skills to our children. This starts in Nursery with short group sessions to help children identify sounds in their environment through play. The will also begin to break words up verbally to hear how words can be segmented.
This progresses in Reception as the children learn the sound each letter makes. When they are ready they learn 'digraphs'- two letters making one sound. They learn songs and actions to help them to use and apply their knowledge when reading; this really helps attention and recall. The also learn 'tricky' words which can only be read by sight. When writing children will heavily rely on their phonic knowledge to encode words; this will become a mixture of phonically plausible words and correct spellings over time.
In Year 1 children recap on their learning and begin to learn alternative sounds for the digraphs they already know and learn more 'tricky' words and high frequency words. The children use the knowledge learnt so far to read appropriate texts, by segmenting the sounds and blending them to read each word.
In Year 2 children to learn prefixes and suffixes that can be added to the root words they already know. This increases and deepens their knowledge of reading and spelling rules. When writing they will use an increasing amount of words and be able to spell most correctly but may rely on 'sounding out' on occasion.